- The mortality rate in England rises by 18% during the winter months, and on average, 30,000 people die each winter.
- Every £1 spent on making homes warmer can save 42p of NHS costs.
- Most winter deaths occur due to cardiac problems, strokes or respiratory problems.
- The cold causes a thickening of the blood, increasing the risk of cardiac problems and strokes.
- Respiratory problems are more likely in cold weather, due to people spending more time indoors in close proximity to others.
- Some deaths from the cold take longer to occur than others. The picture below shows how this works:
- Colder countries, such as Finland, do not have as high an excess winter death rate as Britain.
- Fuel Poverty is when somebody is spending more than 10% of their household income on heating their home.
- In 2007, 2.8 million households in Britain experienced fuel poverty.
With so many facts surrounding Excess Winter Deaths (EWD), you can understand why projects such as Hotspots are so important.